To measure lifetime profit you need an almost scientific setup. All data have to be recorded over a long period. Prof. Les Hansen and his team did a large field trial that have been known as the Californian trials. Crucial figures for the modern dairy men. Results learn us that Montbéliarde x Holstein cows have 50% and VikingRed x Holstein cows have 44% higher lifetime profit per cow than pure Holstein cows.
To define lifetime profit, the range of different possible revenues and expenses were included such as production of milk, fat and protein as well as somatic cellcount, reproduction, feed intake, calf value, salvage value, dead cow disposal, fixed costs and interest costs. The researchers say that calculated lifetime profit for crossbreds might be even higher than estimated, because the data on health costs were not provided by the herd owners in California.
“The researchers say that calculated lifetime profit for crossbreds might be even higher than estimated, because the data on health costs were not provided by the herd owners in California".
Table 1. Results for Montbéliarde x Holstein and VikingRed x Holstein crossbred cows in comparison with pure Holstein cows (final California trials)
|Trait||Holstein||Montbéliarde - Holstein||VikingRed - Holstein|
|Lifetime milk (kg)||28.086||32.891||31.276|
|Lifetime fat (kg)||996||1.217||1.154|
|Lifetime protein (kg)||871||1.050||1.003|
|Days to first breeding||70||63||66|
|Pregnancy rate (%)||14.7 %||20 %||17.5 %|
|Survival to 4th calving (%)||29 %||55 %||50%|
|Lifetime profit ($)||$ 4.347||$ 6503 (+50%)||$ 6.272 (+44%)|
|Profit per day ($) per cow||$ 4.17||$ 4.39||$ 4.32|
The crossbred animals were constantly superior to the Holsteins for fertility, fewer days to first breeding, higher pregnancy rates, fewer days open and somatic cell scores were also lower.
Not all herds have the same size. What do these results means for your herd size?
Extra profit per year related to herd size
|G1: MON x HF||G2: VR x HF|
|50 cows||$ 4.015||$ 2.738|
|100 cows||$ 8.030||$ 5.475|
|200 cows||$ 16.060||$ 10.950|
|500 cows||$ 40.150||$ 27.375|
|1000 cows||$ 80.300||$ 54.750|
|3000 cows||$ 240.900||$ 164.250|